The first CCTV system was installed by Siemens AG at Test Stand VII in Peenemünde, Germany in 1942, for observing the launch of V-2 rockets. The noted German engineer Walter Bruch was responsible for the design and installation of the system.
In 1935 he started to work in the Television and Physics research Department of Telefunken which was headed by Professor Fritz Schröter. In the summer of 1936 the Olympic Games were held in Berlin and became a milestone for audiovisual technology. Bruch was able to field test the first Iconoscope camera to the development of which he had contributed. One year later, at the Paris International Exposition, he introduced an iconoscope television unit that he had designed. During World War II he operated a closed-circuit television system installed at the Peenemünde launch site, so that the V-2 rocket launches could be watched at a safe distance from a bunker.
His job assignments included, for example, serving in 1936 as a technician and cameraman for the “television gun” in the Olympic Stadium and for public television demonstrations at the Berlin Radio Exhibition.